Client’s Right

The client’s right document, also called The Patients Bill of Rights, reflects acknowledgement of a clients right to participate in his or her health care with emphasis on client autonomy. The document provides a list of the rights of the client and responsibilities that the hospital cannot violate. The client’s rights affect the relationship between the client and health care provider and between the client and health care system and protects the client’s ability to determine the level and type of care received.

Patient’s Right When Hospitalized

  1. ) Right to considerate and respectful care.
  2. ) Right to be informed about illness, possible treatments, likely outcome, and to discuss this information with the physician.
  3. ) Right to know the names and roles of the persons who are involved in care.
  4. ) Right to consent and refuse a treatment.
  5. ) Right to have advance directive.
  6. ) Right to privacy.
  7. ) Right to expect that the medical records are confidential.
  8. ) Right to review the medical record and to have information explained.
  9. ) Right to expect that the hospital will provide necessary health services.
  10. ) Right to if the hospital has relationship with outside parties that may influence treatment or care.
  11. ) Right to consent or refuse to take part in research.
  12. ) Right to be told of realistic care alternatives when hospital care is no longer appropriate.
  13. ) Right to know about hospital rules that affect treatment and about charges and payment methods.


The Mental Health System Act also creates right for the mentally ill. The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care Organizations has develop policy statements on the rights of the mentally ill. Psychiatric facilities are required to have a client’s bill of rights posted in a visible area.

Right for the Mentally Ill

  1. ) Right to be treated with dignity and respect.
  2. ) Right to communicate with persons outside the hospital.
  3. ) Right to keep clothing and personal effects with them.
  4. ) Right to religious freedom.
  5. ) Right to be employed.
  6. ) Right to manage property.
  7. ) Right to execute wills.
  8. ) Right to enter into contractual agreements.
  9. ) Right to make purchases.
  10. ) Right to education.
  11. ) Right to habeas corpus (written request for release from the hospital).
  12. ) Right to an independent psychiatric examination.
  13. ) Right to civil services status, including the right to vote.
  14. ) Right to retain licenses, privileges, or permits.
  15. ) Right to sue or be sued.
  16. ) Right to marry or  divorce.
  17. ) Right to treatment in the least restrictive setting.
  18. ) Right not to be subject to unnecessary restraints.
  19. ) Right to privacy and confidentiality.
  20. ) Right to informed consent.
  21. ) Right to treatment and refuse treatment.
  22. ) Right to refuse participation in experimental treatments or research.



Organ and Tissue Donation by Religious Affiliation Part 2

Greek Orthodox

According to Reverend Dr. Milton Efthimiou, Director of the Department of Church and Society for the Greek Orthodox Church of North and South America, ” The Greek Orthodox Church is not opposed to organ donation as long as the organs and tissue in question are used to better human life, i.e., for transplantation or for research that will lead to improvements in the treatment and prevention of disease.” Organ donation is the individual decision of each member.


Gypsies are a people of different ethnic groups without a formalized religion. They share common folk beliefs and tend to be opposed to organ donation. Their is connected with their beliefs about the afterlife. Traditional beliefs contends that for one year after death the soul retraces its steps. Thus the must remain intact because the soul maintains its physical shape.


According to the Hindu Temple Society of North America, Hindus are now prohibited by religious law from donating their organs. This act is an individuals decision. H. L. Travedi, in Transplantation Proceedings, stated that, “Hindu mythology has stories in which the arts of the human body are used for the benefit of other humans and society. there is nothing in the Hindi religion indicating that parts of humans, dead or alive, cannot be used to alleviate suffering of other humans.”

Independent Conservative Evangelical

Generally, Evangelicals has no opposition to organ and tissue donation. Each church is autonomous and leaves the decision to donate up to individual.

Jehovah’s Witnesses

According to the Watch Tower Society, Jehovah Witnesses believe donation is a matter of individual decision. Jehovah’s Witnesses are often assumed to be opposed to donation because of their belief against blood transfusion. However, this merely means hat all blood must be removed from the organs and tissues before being transplanted.


In 1984, the Lutheran Church in America passed a resolution stating that donation contributes to the well being of the humanity and can be “…an expression of sacrificial llove for a neighbor in the end.” They call on members to consider donating organs and to make any necessary family and legal arrangements, including the use of a signed donor card, The ability to transplant organs from a deceased to a living person is considered a genuine medical advance.


Mennonites have no formal position on donation, but are not opposed to it. They believe the decision to donate is up to the individual and his or her family.

Society of Friends (Quakers)

Organ and tissue donation is believed to be an individual decision. The society of Friends do not have an official position on donation.

Unitarian Universalist

Organ and tissue donation is widely supported by Unitarian Universalist. They view it as an act of love and selfless giving.


The Moravian Church has made no statement addressing organ and tissue donation or transplantation. Robert E. Sawyer, President, Provincial Elders Conference, Moravian Church of America, Southern Province, states, “There is nothing in our doctrine or policy that would prevent a Moravian pastor from assisting a family in making a decision to donate or not to donate an organ.” It is, therefore, a matter of individual choice.

Mormon (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)

The question of whether one should will his bodily organs to be used as transplants or for research after death must be answered from deep within the conscience of the individual involved. Those who seek counsel from the Church on the subject are encourage to review the advantages and disadvantages of doing so, to implore the Lord if inspiration and guidance, and then to take the course of action which would give them a feeling of peace and comfort.