The client’s right document, also called The Patients Bill of Rights, reflects acknowledgement of a clients right to participate in his or her health care with emphasis on client autonomy. The document provides a list of the rights of the client and responsibilities that the hospital cannot violate. The client’s rights affect the relationship between the client and health care provider and between the client and health care system and protects the client’s ability to determine the level and type of care received.
Patient’s Right When Hospitalized
- ) Right to considerate and respectful care.
- ) Right to be informed about illness, possible treatments, likely outcome, and to discuss this information with the physician.
- ) Right to know the names and roles of the persons who are involved in care.
- ) Right to consent and refuse a treatment.
- ) Right to have advance directive.
- ) Right to privacy.
- ) Right to expect that the medical records are confidential.
- ) Right to review the medical record and to have information explained.
- ) Right to expect that the hospital will provide necessary health services.
- ) Right to if the hospital has relationship with outside parties that may influence treatment or care.
- ) Right to consent or refuse to take part in research.
- ) Right to be told of realistic care alternatives when hospital care is no longer appropriate.
- ) Right to know about hospital rules that affect treatment and about charges and payment methods.
The Mental Health System Act also creates right for the mentally ill. The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care Organizations has develop policy statements on the rights of the mentally ill. Psychiatric facilities are required to have a client’s bill of rights posted in a visible area.
Right for the Mentally Ill
- ) Right to be treated with dignity and respect.
- ) Right to communicate with persons outside the hospital.
- ) Right to keep clothing and personal effects with them.
- ) Right to religious freedom.
- ) Right to be employed.
- ) Right to manage property.
- ) Right to execute wills.
- ) Right to enter into contractual agreements.
- ) Right to make purchases.
- ) Right to education.
- ) Right to habeas corpus (written request for release from the hospital).
- ) Right to an independent psychiatric examination.
- ) Right to civil services status, including the right to vote.
- ) Right to retain licenses, privileges, or permits.
- ) Right to sue or be sued.
- ) Right to marry or divorce.
- ) Right to treatment in the least restrictive setting.
- ) Right not to be subject to unnecessary restraints.
- ) Right to privacy and confidentiality.
- ) Right to informed consent.
- ) Right to treatment and refuse treatment.
- ) Right to refuse participation in experimental treatments or research.